catholic Pronunciation (kāth'ə-lĭk, kāth'lĭk) American Heritage Dictionary

  1. Of broad or liberal scope; comprehensive: "The 100-odd pages of formulas and constants are surely the most catholic to be found" (Scientific American).
  2. Including or concerning all humankind; universal: "what was of catholic rather than national interest" (J.A. Froude).
  3. Catholic
    1. Of or involving the Roman Catholic Church.
    2. Of or relating to the universal Christian church.
    3. Of or relating to the ancient undivided Christian church.
    4. Of or relating to those churches that have claimed to be representatives of the ancient undivided church.

n.   Catholic
A member of a Catholic church, especially a Roman Catholic.


locution Pronunciation (lō-kyōō'shən)  American Heritage Dictionary .

1. A particular word, phrase, or expression, especially one that is used by a particular person or group.

2.  Style of speaking; phraseology





dogma   [dawg-muh]  Unabridged (v 1.1) 

1. a system of principles or tenets, as of a church.
2. a specific tenet or doctrine authoritatively laid down, as by a church: the dogma of the Assumption.
3. prescribed doctrine: political dogma.
4. a settled or established opinion, belief, or principle.



apparition [ap-uh-rish-uhn] Unabridged (v 1.1) -

1. a supernatural appearance of a person or thing, esp. a ghost; a specter or phantom; wraith: a ghostly apparition at midnight.
2. anything that appears, esp. something remarkable or startling: the surprising apparition of cowboys in New York City.
3. an act of appearing; manifestation.
4. Astronomy. the appearance or time when a comet, esp. a periodic one, is visible: the 1986 apparition of Halley's comet.

[Origin: 1400–50; late ME apparicio(u)n < AF, OF < LL appāritiōn- (s. of appāritiō, as calque of Gk epipháneia epiphany), equiv. to L appārit(us) (ptp. of appārére; see appear) + -iōn- -ion]



sacrilege   [sak-ruh-lij] Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. the violation or profanation of anything sacred or held sacred.
2. an instance of this.
3. the stealing of anything consecrated to the service of God.

[Origin: 1275–1325; ME < OF < L sacrilegium, equiv. to sacri- (comb. form of sacrum holy place) + leg(ere) to steal, lit., gather + -ium -ium]




negate Pronunciation (nĭ-gāt')

American Heritage Dictionary
tr.v.   ne·gat·ed, ne·gat·ing, ne·gates
  1. To make ineffective or invalid; nullify.
  2. To rule out; deny. See Synonyms at deny.
  3. Computer Science To perform the machine logic operation NOT gate.


sacrament Unabridged (v 1.1) [sak-ruh-muhnt]
1. Ecclesiastical. a visible sign of an inward grace, esp. one of the solemn Christian rites considered to have been instituted by Jesus Christ to symbolize or confer grace: the sacraments of the Protestant churches are baptism and the Lord's Supper; the sacraments of the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches are baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, matrimony, penance, holy orders, and extreme unction.
2. (often initial capital letter) Also called Holy Sacrament. the Eucharist or Lord's Supper.
3. the consecrated elements of the Eucharist, esp. the bread.
4. something regarded as possessing a sacred character or mysterious significance.
5. a sign, token, or symbol.
6. an oath; solemn pledge.

[Origin: 1150–1200; ME < ML sacrāmentum obligation, oath, LL: mystery, rite, equiv. to L sacrā(re) to devote + -mentum -ment]


Hypostatic union

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary

 Hypostatic union

1. (Theol.), the union of the divine with the human nature of Christ. --Tillotson.

 Hypostatic:  Pronunciation \Hy`po*stat"ic\


1. Relating to hypostasis, or substance; hence, constitutive, or elementary.

The grand doctrine of the chemists, touching their three hypostatical principles. --Boyle.

2. Personal, or distinctly personal; relating to the divine hypostases, or substances.
--Bp. Pearson.

3. (Med.) Depending upon, or due to, deposition or setting; as, hypostatic cognestion, cognestion due to setting of blood by gravitation.





sanctify Unabridged (v 1.1)
–verb (used with object), -fied, -fy·ing.
1. to make holy; set apart as sacred; consecrate.
2. to purify or free from sin: Sanctify your hearts.
3. to impart religious sanction to; render legitimate or binding: to sanctify a vow.
4. to entitle to reverence or respect.
5. to make productive of or conducive to spiritual blessing.

[Origin: 1350–1400; < LL sānctificāre (see Sanctus, -ify); r. ME seintefien < OF saintifier < L, as above]



Fervor  [fur-ver]

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary  

Fer"vor\, n. [Written also fervour.] [OF. fervor, fervour, F. ferveur, L. fervor, fr. fervere. See Fervent.]

1. Heat; excessive warmth. The fevor of ensuing day. --Waller.

2. Intensity of feeling or expression; glowing ardor; passion; holy zeal; earnestness. --Hooker. Winged with fervor of her love. --Shak.

Syn: Fervor, Ardor.

Usage: Fervor is a boiling heat, and ardor is a burning heat. Hence, in metaphor, we commonly use fervor and its derivatives when we conceive of thoughts or emotions under the image of ebullition, or as pouring themselves forth. Thus we speak of the fervor of passion, fervid declamation, fervid importunity, fervent supplication, fervent desires, etc. Ardent is used when we think of anything as springing from a deep seated glow of soul; as, ardent friendship, ardent zeal, ardent devotedness; burning with ardor for the fight.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, © 1996, 1998 MICRA, Inc.



Gnostic Pronunciation (nŏs'tĭk)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary

Gnos"tic good at knowing, sagacious; as a n., man that claims to have a deeper wisdom, fr. gignw`skein to know: cf. F. gnostique. See Know.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the so-called philosophers in the first ages of Christianity, who claimed a true philosophical interpretation of the Christian religion. Their system combined Oriental theology and Greek philosophy with the doctrines of Christianity. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual, and material, are derived from the Deity by successive emanations, which they called Eons.



men Unabridged (v 1.1)

man   [man] noun, plural men, verb, manned, man·ning, interjection
1. an adult male person, as distinguished from a boy or a woman.
2. a member of the species Homo sapiens or all the members of this species collectively, without regard to sex: prehistoric man.
3. the human individual as representing the species, without reference to sex; the human race; humankind: Man hopes for peace, but prepares for war.



mind's eye Unabridged (v 1.1)–noun

the hypothetical site of visual recollection or imagination: In her mind's eye she saw the city as it had been in Caesar's time.




covenant  [kuhv-uh-nuhnt]

and LAW Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. an agreement, usually formal, between two or more persons to do or not do something specified.
2. Law. an incidental clause in such an agreement.
3. Ecclesiastical. a solemn agreement between the members of a church to act together in harmony with the precepts of the gospel.
4. (initial capital letter) History/Historical.
a. National Covenant.
b. Solemn League and Covenant.
5. Bible.
a. the conditional promises made to humanity by God, as revealed in Scripture.
b. the agreement between God and the ancient Israelites, in which God promised to protect them if they kept His law and were faithful to Him.
6. Law.
a. a formal agreement of legal validity, esp. one under seal.
b. an early English form of action in suits involving sealed contracts.

[Origin: 1375–1425; late ME]



venial [vee-nee-uhl Unabridged (v 1.1) -
1. able to be forgiven or pardoned; not seriously wrong, as a sin (opposed to mortal).
2. excusable; trifling; minor: a venial error; a venial offense.

[Origin: 1250–1300; ME)






pronunciation: (theer-ee)


WordNet -

1 a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; "theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses"; "true in fact and theory" 
2.  a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena; "a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory"; "he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices" [syn: hypothesis] 
3.  a belief that can guide behavior; "the architect has a theory that more is less"; "they killed him on the theory that dead men tell no tales" 





indifferent [in-dif-er-uhnt] Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. without interest or concern; not caring; apathetic: his indifferent attitude toward the suffering of others.
2. having no bias, prejudice, or preference; impartial; disinterested.
3. neither good nor bad in character or quality; average; routine: an indifferent specimen.
4. not particularly good, important, etc.; unremarkable; unnotable: an indifferent success; an indifferent performance.
5. of only moderate amount, extent, etc.
6. not making a difference, or mattering, one way or the other.
7. immaterial or unimportant.
8. not essential or obligatory, as an observance.
9. making no difference or distinction, as between persons or things: indifferent justice.
10. neutral in chemical, electric, or magnetic quality.
11. Biology. not differentiated or specialized, as cells or tissues.
12. an ethically or morally indifferent act.
13. a person who is indifferent, esp. in matters of religion or politics.
14. Archaic. indifferently: I am indifferent well.

[Origin: 1350–1400; ME (adj


fathom [fath-uhm] Unabridged (v 1.1) 

(especially collectively) fath·om, verb

1. a unit of length equal to six feet (1.8 meters): used chiefly in nautical measurements. Abbreviation: fath
–verb (used with object)
2. to measure the depth of by means of a sounding line; sound.
3. to penetrate to the truth of; comprehend; understand: to fathom someone's motives.


cannibalism (kan-uh-buh-liz-uhm) Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. the eating of human flesh by another human being.
2. the eating of the flesh of an animal by another animal of its own kind.
3. the ceremonial eating of human flesh or parts of the human body for magical or religious purposes, as to acquire the power or skill of a person recently killed.
4. the act of pecking flesh from a live fowl by a member of the same flock.
5. the removal of parts, equipment, assets, or employees from one product, item, or business in order to use them in another.
6. the acquisition and absorption of smaller companies by a large corporation or conglomerate.

[Origin: 1790–1800;



manifestation Unabridged (v 1.1) [man-uh-fuh-stey-shuhn, -fe-]
1. an act of manifesting.
2. the state of being manifested.
3. outward or perceptible indication; materialization: At first there was no manifestation of the disease.
4. a public demonstration, as for political effect.
5. Spiritualism. a materialization.

[Origin: 1375–1425; late ME < LL manifestātiōn- (s. of manifestātiō). See manifest, -ation]



judgment [juhj-muhnt] Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. an act or instance of judging.
2. the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively, authoritatively, and wisely, esp. in matters affecting action; good sense; discretion: a man of sound judgment.
3. the demonstration or exercise of such ability or capacity: The major was decorated for the judgment he showed under fire.
4. the forming of an opinion, estimate, notion, or conclusion, as from circumstances presented to the mind: Our judgment as to the cause of his failure must rest on the evidence.
5. the opinion formed: He regretted his hasty judgment.
6. Law.
a. a judicial decision given by a judge or court.
b. the obligation, esp. a debt, arising from a judicial decision.
c. the certificate embodying such a decision and issued against the obligor, esp. a debtor.
7. a misfortune regarded as inflicted by divine sentence, as for sin.
8. (usually initial capital letter) Also called Last Judgment, Final Judgment. the final trial of all people, both the living and dead, at the end of the world



verbage spelling, jargon Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. A deliberate misspelling and mispronunciation of verbiage that assimilates it to the word "garbage".

2. Compare content-free. More pejorative than "verbiage".


honing–verb Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. a whetstone of fine, compact texture for sharpening razors and other cutting tools.
2. a precision tool with a mechanically rotated abrasive tip, for enlarging holes to precise dimensions.
–verb (used with object)
3. to sharpen on a hone: to hone a carving knife.
4. to enlarge or finish (a hole) with a hone.
5. to make more acute or effective; improve; perfect: to hone one's skills.



standard bearer Unabridged (v 1.1)   [stan-derd-bair-er]
1. an officer or soldier of an army or military unit who bears a standard.
2. a conspicuous leader of a movement, political party, or the like.

[Origin: 1400–50; late ME]






Apocrypha [(uh-pok-ruh-fuh)] Unabridged (v 1.1
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved


Religious writings that have been accepted as books of the Bible by some groups but not by others. The Roman Catholic Church, for example, includes seven books, such as Judith, I and II Maccabees, and Ecclesiasticus, in the Old Testament that Jews and Protestants do not consider part of the Bible. Some churches may read the Apocrypha for inspiration but not to establish religious doctrine.





blatant  Pronunciation Unabridged (v 1.1–adjective


brazenly obvious; flagrant: a blatant error in simple addition; a blatant lie.


offensively noisy or loud; clamorous: blatant radios.


tastelessly conspicuous: the blatant colors of the dress.



Pronunciation  (dĭs-dān')
tr.v.   dis·dained, dis·dain·ing, dis·dains

  1. To regard or treat with haughty contempt; despise.
  2. To consider or reject as beneath oneself.
  3. n.   A feeling or show of contempt and aloofness; scorn

[Middle English disdeinen, from Old French desdeignier, from Vulgar Latin *disdignāre, from Latin dēdignārī : dē-, de- + dignārī, to deem worthy (from dignus, worthy; see dek- in Indo-European roots).]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition - 
Copyright © 2006 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.



passion  Pronunciation (pash-uhn] Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. any powerful or compelling emotion or feeling, as love or hate.
2. strong amorous feeling or desire; love; ardor.
3. strong sexual desire; lust.
4. an instance or experience of strong love or sexual desire.
5. a person toward whom one feels strong love or sexual desire.
6. a strong or extravagant fondness, enthusiasm, or desire for anything: a passion for music.
7. the object of such a fondness or desire: Accuracy became a passion with him.
8. an outburst of strong emotion or feeling: He suddenly broke into a passion of bitter words.
9. violent anger.
10. the state of being acted upon or affected by something external, esp. something alien to one's nature or one's customary behavior (contrasted with action ).
11. (often initial capital letter) Theology.
a. the sufferings of Christ on the cross or His sufferings subsequent to the Last Supper.
b. the narrative of Christ's sufferings as recorded in the Gospels.
12. Archaic. the sufferings of a martyr.

1125–75; ME (< OF) < ML passiōn- (s. of passiō) Christ's sufferings on the cross, any of the Biblical accounts of these (> late OE passiōn), special use of LL passiō suffering, submission, deriv. of L passus, ptp. of patī to suffer, submit; see -ion



masochistic Pronunciation [mas-uh-kiz-tik, maz-] Unabridged (v 1.1) –noun
1. gratification gained from pain, deprivation, degradation, etc., inflicted or imposed on oneself, either as a result of one's own actions or the actions of others, esp. the tendency to seek this form of gratification.
2. the act of turning one's destructive tendencies inward or upon oneself.
3. the tendency to find pleasure in self-denial, submissiveness, etc.

1890–95; named after L. von Sacher-Masoch, who described it; see -ism




Canon Pronunciation [kan-uhn] Unabridged (v 1.1)



1. an ecclesiastical rule or law enacted by a council or other competent authority and, in the Roman Catholic Church, approved by the pope.
2. the body of ecclesiastical law.
3. the body of rules, principles, or standards accepted as axiomatic and universally binding in a field of study or art: the neoclassical canon.
4. a fundamental principle or general rule: the canons of good behavior.
5. a standard; criterion: the canons of taste.
6. the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired.
7. any officially recognized set of sacred books.
8. any comprehensive list of books within a field.
9. the works of an author that have been accepted as authentic: There are 37 plays in the Shakespeare canon. Compare apocrypha (def. 3).
10. a catalog or list, as of the saints acknowledged by the Church.
11. Liturgy. the part of the Mass between the Sanctus and the Communion.
12. Eastern Church. a liturgical sequence sung at matins, usually consisting of nine odes arranged in a fixed pattern.
13. Music. consistent, note-for-note imitation of one melodic line by another, in which the second line starts after the first.
14. Printing. a 48-point type.


OFFICE   [aw-fis, of-is] "office in life" Unabridged (v 1.1)  
1. a room, set of rooms, or building where the business of a commercial or industrial organization or of a professional person is conducted: the main office of an insurance company; a doctor's office.
2. a room assigned to a specific person or a group of persons in a commercial or industrial organization: Her office is next to mine.
3. a business or professional organization: He went to work in an architect's office.
4. the staff or designated part of a staff at a commercial or industrial organization: The whole office was at his wedding.
5. a position of duty, trust, or authority, esp. in the government, a corporation, a society, or the like: She was elected twice to the office of president.
6. employment or position as an official: to seek office.
7. the duty, function, or part of a particular person or agency: to act in the office of adviser.
8. (initial capital letter) an operating agency or division of certain departments of the U.S. Government: Office of Community Services.
9. (initial capital letter) British. a major administrative unit or department of the national government: the Foreign Office.
10. Slang. hint, signal, or warning; high sign.
11. Often, offices. something, whether good or bad, done or said for or to another: He obtained a position through the offices of a friend.
12. Ecclesiastical.
a. the prescribed order or form for a service of the church or for devotional use.
b. the services so prescribed.
c. Also called divine office. the prayers, readings from Scripture, and psalms that must be recited every day by all who are in major orders.
d. a ceremony or rite, esp. for the dead.
13. a service or task to be performed; assignment; chore: little domestic offices.
14. offices, Chiefly British.
a. the parts of a house, as the kitchen, pantry, or laundry, devoted mainly to household work.
b. the stables, barns, cowhouses, etc., of a farm.
15. Older Slang. privy.

[Origin: 1200–50; ME < OF < L officium service, duty, ceremony, presumably contr. of opificium, equiv. to opi-, comb. form akin to opus opus + -fic-, comb. form of facere to make, do1 + -ium -ium]







Inflected Form(s):

prop·a·gat·ed; prop·a·gat·ing


Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare to set slips, propagate, from propages slip, offspring,

 from pro- before + pangere to fasten — more at pro-, pact


circa 1570

transitive verb

1: to cause to continue or increase by sexual or asexual reproduction

2: to pass along to offspring

3 a: to cause to spread out and affect a greater number or greater area : extend

    b: to foster growing knowledge of, familiarity with, or acceptance of (as an idea or belief) : publicize

    c: to transmit (as sound or light) through a medium intransitive verb1: to multiply sexually or asexually






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